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Thursday, March 29, 2012

HISTORY OF MODERN INDIA FOR RAS PRE GK&GS

HISTORY OF MODERN INDIA  
2010  
Q.    for the Karachi session of Indian National Congress in 1931, presided over by Sardar Patel, 
who drafted the Resolution on Fundamental Rights and Economic Programme? 
 (a) Mahatma Gandhi     (b) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
 (c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad    (d) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 
Q. Who among the following were official Congress negotiators with Cripps Mission? 
 (a) Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel   
 (b) Acharya J. B. Kripalani and C. Rajagopalachari
 (c) Pandit Nehru and Maulana Azad      
 (d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Rafi Ahmed Kidwai 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. The “Bombay Manifesto” signed in 1936 openly opposed the preaching of socialist ideals. 
 2. It evoked support from a large section of business community from all across India. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only      (b) 2 only 
 (c) Both 1 and 2     (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
Q. Who among the following Governor General created the Covenanted Civil Service of India 
which later came to be known as the Indian Civil Service? 
 (a) Warren Hastings     (b) Wellesley 
 (c) Cornwallis      (d) William Bentinck 
Q. What was the immediate cause for the launch of the Swadeshi movement? 
 (a) The partition of Bengal done by Lord Curzon. 
 (b) A sentence of 18 months rigorous imprisonment imposed on Lokmanya Tilak. 
 (c) The arrest and deportation of Lala Lajput Rai and Ajit Singh, and passing of the Punjab 
Colonization Bill. 
 (d) Death sentence pronounced on the Chapekar brothers. 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad persuaded Mahatma Gandhi to come in Champaran to investigate the 
problem of peasants. 
 2. Acharya J. B. Kriplani was one of the Mahatma Gandhi’s colleagues in his Champaran 
investigation. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only      (b) 2 only 
 (c) Both 1 and 2     (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
VISION IAS 
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Q. By a regulation in 1793, the District Collector was deprived of his judicial powers and made the 
collecting agent only. What was the reason for such regulation? 
 (a) Lord Cornwallis felt that the District Collector’s efficiency of revenue collection would 
enormously increase without the burden of other work. 
 (b) Lord Cornwallis felt that Judicial power should compulsorily be in the hands of Europeans 
while Indians can be given the job of revenue collection in the districts. 
 (c) Lord Cornwallis was alarmed at the extent of power concentrated in the District Collector and 
felt that such absolute power was undesirable in one person. 
 (d) The judicial work demanded a deep knowledge of India and a good training in law and Lord 
Cornwallis felt that District Collector should be only a revenue collector? 
Q.   After Quit India Movement, C. Rajagopalachari issued a pamphlet entitled “The Way Out”.   
      Which one of the following was a proposal in this pamphlet? 
(a) The establishment of a “War Advisory Council” composed of representatives of British India 
and the Indian States. 
(b) Reconstitution of the Central Executive Council in such a way that all its members, except the 
Governor General and the Commander – in – Chief should be Indian leaders. 
(c) Fresh elections to the Central and Provincial Legislatures to be held at the end of 1945 and the 
Constitution making body to be convened as soon as possible. 
(d) A solution for the constitutional deadlock. 
2009 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. The discussions in the Third Round Table Conference eventually led to the passing of the 
Government of India Act of 1935. 
 2. The Government of India Act of 1935 provided for the establishment of an All India Federation 
to be based on a Union of the provinces of British India and the Princely States. 
 Which of the above statements is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only     (b) 2 only 
 (c) Both 1 and 2    (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
Q. In collaboration with David Hare and Alexander Duff, who of the following established 
Hindu College at Calcutta? 
 (a) Henry Louis Vivian Derozio  (b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 
 (c) Keshab Chandra Sen   (d) Raja Rammohan Roy] 
Q. Who of the following Prime Ministers sent Cripps Mission to India? 
 (a) James Ramsay MacDonald  (b) Stanley Baldwin 
 (c) Neville Chamberlain   (d) Winston Churchill 
Q. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, why did Rowlatt Act rouse popular indignation? 
 (a) It curtained the freedom of religion 
 (b) It suppressed the Indian traditional education
 (c) It authorized the government to imprison people without trial 
 (d) It curbed the trade union activities ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 3
Q. Which one of the following began with the Dandi March? 
 (a) Home Rule Movement   (b) Non-Cooperation Movement 
 (c) Civil Disobedience Movement  (d) Quit India Movement 
Q. With which one of the following movements is the slogan “Do or Die” associated? 
 (a) Swadeshi Movement   (b) Non-Cooperation Movement 
 (c) Civil Disobedience Movement  (d) Quit India Movement 
Q. Who of the following founded the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association? 
 (a) Mahatma Gandhi    (b) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
 (c) N.M. Joshi     (d) J.B. Kripalani 
Q. In the context of the Indian freedom struggle 16
th
 October 1905 is well known for which one 
of the following reasons? 
 (a) The formal proclamation of Swadeshi Movement was made in Calcutta town hall 
 (b) Partition of Bengal took effect 
 (c) Dadabhai Naoroji declared that the goal of Indian National Congress was Swaraj 
 (d) Lokmanya Tilak started Swadeshi Movement in Poona 
Q. In the “Individual Satyagraha”, Vinoba Bhave was chosen as the first Satyagrahi. Who was 
the second? 
 (a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad   (b) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru 
 (c) C. Rajagopalachari   (d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 The Cripps Proposals include the provision for 
1. Full independence for India 
2. Creation of Constitution making body 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only     (b) 2 only 
(c) Both 1 and 2    (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
Q. During the freedom struggle. Aruna Asaf Ali was  a major woman organizer underground 
activity in: 
 (a) Civil Disobedience Movement  (b) Non-Cooperation Movement 
 (c) Quit India Movement   (d) Swadeshi Movement 
2008 
Q. Who among the following rejected the title of Knighthood and refused to accept a position in 
the Council of the Secretary of State for India? 
 (a) Motilal Nehru    (b) M.G. Ranade 
 (c) G.K. Gokhale    (d) B.G. Tilak 
Q. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who of the following raised an army called ‘Free 
Indian Legion’? 
 (a) Lala Hardayal    (b) Rashbehari Bose 
 (c) Subhash Chandra Bose   (d) V.D. Savarkar ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 4
Q. Which one of the following suggested the reconstitution of the Viceroy’s Executive Council in 
which all the portfolios including that of War Members were to be held by the Indian 
leaders? 
 (a) Simon Commission   (b) Simla Conference 
 (c) Cripps Proposal    (d) Cabinet Mission 
Q. Who among the following used the phrase ‘Un-British’ to criticize the English colonial 
control of India? 
 (a) Anandmohan Bose   (b) Badruddin Tyabji 
 (c) Dadabhai Tyabji    (d) Pherozeshah Mehta 
Q. Who was the Viceroy of India when the Rowlatt Act was passed? 
 (a) Lord Irwin     (b) Lord Reading 
 (c) Lord Chelmsford    (d) Lord Wavell 
Q. Who among the following Gandhian followers was a teacher by profession? 
 (a) A.N. Sinha     (b) Braj Kishore Prasad 
 (c) J.B. Kripalani    (d) Rajendra Prasad 
Q. Where was the First Session of the Indian National Congress held in December 1885? 
 (a) Ahmedabad    (b) Bombay 
 (c) Calcutta     (d) Delhi 
Q. Assertion (A): The Congress Ministries in all the provinces resigned in the year 1939. 
Reason (R):  The Congress did not accept the decision of the Viceroy to declare war 
   against Germany in the context of the Second World War. 
2007 
Q. The song ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’ written during the Swadeshi Movement of India inspired the 
liberation struggle of Bangladesh and was adopted as the National Anthem of Bangladesh. 
Who wrote this song? 
 (a) Rajni Kanta Sen    (b) Dwijendralal Ray 
 (c) Mukunda Das    (d) Rabindranath Tagore 
Q. The First Factory Act restricting the working hours of women and children, and authorizing 
local governments to make necessary rules was adopted during whose time? 
 (a) Lord Lytton    (b) Lord Bentinck 
 (c) Lord Ripon    (d) Lord Canning 
Q. Who among the following wrote the book Babuvivah? 
 (a) Raja Rammohan Roy   (b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 
 (c) Pandita Rambai    (d) Rabindranath Tagore 
Q. Who wrote the book – ‘The Story of the Integration of the India States’? 
 (a) B.N. Rao     (b) C. Rajagopalachari 
 (c) Krishna Mohan    (d) V.P. Menon ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 5
Q. Which one of the following aroused a wave of popular indignation that led to the massacre 
by the British at Jallianwala Bagh? 
 (a) The Arms Act    (b) The Public Safety Act 
 (c) The Rowlatt Act    (d) The Vernacular Press Act 
Q. At which one of the following placed did Mahatma Gandhi first start his Satyagraha in 
India? 
 (a) Ahmedabad    (b) Bardoli 
 (c) Champaran     (d) Kheda 
Q. Who among the following started the newspaper Shome Prakash? 
 (a) Dayanand Saraswati   (b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar 
 (c) Raja Rammohan Roy   (d) Surendranath Banerjee 
Q. The ruler of which one of the following States was removed from power by the British on the 
pretext of misgovernance? 
 (a) Awadh     (b) Jhansi 
 (c) Nagpur     (d) Satara 
Q. Who among the following Europeans were last to come to preindependence India as traders? 
 (a) Dutch     (b) English 
 (c) French     (d) Portuguese 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. Robert Clive was the first Governor-General of Bengal. 
 2. William Bentinck was the first Governor-General of India. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only     (b) 2 only 
 (c) Both 1 and 2    (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
Q. Which one of the following was the first fort constructed by the British in India? 
 (a) Fort William    (b) Fort St. George 
 (c) Fort St. David    (d) Fort St. Angelo 
Q. Which one of the following places was associates with Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s Bhoodan 
Movement at the beginning of the movement? 
 (a) Udaygiri     (b) Rapur 
 (c) Pochampalli    (d) Venkatagiri 
Q. Assertion (A): According to the Wavell Plan, the number of Hindu and Muslim members 
   in the Executive Council were to be equal. 
Reason (R): Wavell thought that this arrangement would have avoided the partition of 
   India. ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 6
2006 
Q. Who was the Governor-General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny? 
 (a) Lord Canning    (b) Lord Dalhousie 
 (c) Lord Hardinge    (d) Lord Lytton 
Q. Consider the following statements about Madam Bhikaji Cama: 
 1. Madam Cama unfurled the National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Paris in the 
year 1907. 
 2. Madam Cama served as private secretary to Dabadhai Naoroji. 
 3. Madam Cama was born to Parsi parents. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1, 2 and 3     (b) 2 and 3, only 
 (c)  1 and 2, only    (d) 3 only 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. The Charter Act 1853 abolished East India Company’s monopoly of Indian trade. 
 2. Under the Government of India Act, 1858, the British Parliament abolished the East India 
Company altogether and undertook the responsibility of ruling India directly. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only     (b) 2 only 
 (c) Both 1 and 2    (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
Q. Which one of the following revolts was made famous by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in his 
noval Anand Math? 
 (a) Bhil uprising    (b) Rangpur and Dinapur uprising 
 (c) Bishnupur and Birbhum rebellion  (d) Sanyasi rebellion 
Q. In the year 1613, where was the English East India Company given permission to set up a 
factor (trading post)? 
 (a) Bangalore     (b) Madras 
 (c) Masulipattam    (d) Surat 
Q. With reference to the revolt of the year 1857, who of the following was betrayed by a friend; 
captured and put to death by the British? 
 (a) Nana Sahib    (b) Kunwar Singh 
 (c) Khan Bahadur Khan   (d) Tantia Tope 
Q. Under whose presidency was the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress held in the 
year 1929 wherein a resolution was adopted to gain complete independence from the British? 
 (a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak   (b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale 
 (c) Jawaharlal Nehru    (d) Motilal Nehru 
Q. “Lecturer from Colombo to Almora” is based on the experience of which one of the 
following? 
 (a) Veer Savarkar    (b) Annie Besant 
 (c) Ramkrishna Paramhansa   (d) Swami Vivekanand ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 7
2005 
Q. Which party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose in the year 1939 after the broke away 
from the Congress? 
 (a) Indian Freedom Party   (b) Azad Hind Fauz 
 (c) Revolutionary Front   (d) Forward Block 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 The Government of India Act, 1935 provided for 
 1. the provincial autonomy. 
 2. the establishment of Federal Court. 
 3. All India Federation at the Centre. 
 Which of the statements given above are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3 
 (c) 1 and 3     (d) 1, 2 and 3 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. Warren Hastings was the first Governor General who established a regular police in India on the 
British pattern. 
 2. A Supreme Court was established at Calcutta by the Regulating Act, 1773. 
 3. The Indian Penal Code came into effect in the year 1860. 
 Which of the statements given above are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3 
 (c) 1 and 3     (d) 1, 2 and 3 
Q. Which one of the following is the correct chronologist order of the battle fought in the India 
in the 18
th
 Century? 
 (a) Battle of Wandiwash – Battle of Buxar – Battle of Ambur – Battle of Plassey 
 (b) Battle of Ambur – Battle of Plassey – Battle of Wandiwash – Battle of Buxar 
 (c) Battle of Wandiwash – Battle of Plassey – Battle of Ambur – Battle of Buxar 
 (d) Battle of Ambur – Battle of Buxar – Battle of Wandiwash – Battle of Plassey 
Q. Which one of the following is the correct statements?
 (a) The modern Kochi was a Dutch colony till India’s Independence 
 (b) The Dutch defeated the Portuguese and built Fort Williams in the modern Kochi 
 (c) The modern Kochi was first a Dutch colony before the Portuguese took over from them 
 (d) The modern Kochi never became a part of the British colony 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. Lord Mountbatten was the Viceroy when Simla Conference took place. 
 2. Indian Navy Revolt, 1946 took place when the Indian sailors in the Royal Indian Navy at 
Bombay and Karachi rose against the Government. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only     (b) 2 only 
 (c) Both 1 and 2    (d) Neither 1 nor 2 
Q. Which one of the following territories was not affected by the Revolt of 1857? 
 (a) Jhansi     (b) Chittor 
 (c) Jagdishpur     (d) Lucknow ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 8
Q. Which one of the following places did Kunwar Singh, a prominent leader of the Revolt of 
1857 belong to? 
 (a) Bihar     (b) Madhya Pradesh 
 (c) Rajasthan     (d) Uttar Pradesh 
Q. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? 
 Movement/Satyagraha   Person Actively Associated With 
 1. Champaran    : Rajendra Prasad 
 2. Ahmedabad Mill Workers  : Morarji Desai 
 3. Kheda    : Vallabhbhai Patel 
 Select the correct answer using the codes given below: 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3 
 (c) 1 and 3     (d) 1, 2 and 3 
Q. Who among the following was not associated with  the formation of U.P. Kisan Sabha in 
February 1918? 
 (a) Indra Narain Dwivedi   (b) Gauri Shankar Mishra 
 (c) Jawaharlal Nehru    (d) Madan Mohan Malviya 
Q. Who among the following drafted the resolution on fundamental rights for the Karachi 
Session of Congress in 1931? 
 (a) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar   (b) Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru 
 (c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad   (d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 
Q. In October 1920, who of the following headed a group of Indians gathered at Tashkent to set 
up a Communist Party of India? 
 (a) H.K. Sarkar    (b) P.C. Joshi 
 (c) M.C. Chagla    (d) M.N. Roy 
Q. At which Congress Session was the Working Committee of authorised to launch a 
programme of Civil Disobedience? 
 (a) Bombay     (b) Lahore 
 (c) Lucknow     (d) Tripuri 
Q. In which one of the following provinces was a Congress ministry not formed under the Act of 
1935? 
 (a) Bihar     (b) Madras 
 (c) Orissa     (d) Punjab 
Q. Consider the following statements: On the eve of the launch of Quit India Movement, 
Mahatma Gandhi 
 1. asked the government servants to resign. 
 2. asked the soldiers to leave their posts. 
 3. asked the Princes of the Princely States to accept the sovereignty of their own people. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3 
 (c) 3 only     (d) 1, 2 and 3 ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 9
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar founded the Bethune School at Calcutta with the main aim of 
encouraging education for women. 
 2. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was the first graduate of the Calcutta University. 
 3. Keshav Chandra Sen’s  campaign against Sati led to the enactment of a law to ban Sati by the 
then Governor General. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 only     (b) 1 and 2 
 (c) 2 and 3     (d) 1, 2 and 3 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. In the First Round Table Conference Dr. Ambedkar demanded separate electorates for the 
depressed classes. 
 2. In the Poona Act, special provisions for representation of the depressed people in the local 
bodies and civil services were made. 
 3. The Indian National Congress did not take part in the Third Round Table Conference. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3 
 (c) 1 and 3     (d) 1, 2 and 3 
Q. Who among the following was a proponent of Fabianism as a movement? 
 (a) Annie Besant    (b) Michael Madhusudan Dutt 
 (c) A.O. Hume    (d) R. Palme Dutt 
Q. What was Komagata Maru? 
 (a) A political party based in Taiwan. 
 (b) Peasant communist leader of China. 
 (c) A naval ship on voyage to Canada. 
 (d) A Chinese village where Mao Tre Lung began his long march. 
  
Q. Where were the Gadhar revolutionaries, who became active during the outbreak of the 
World War I based? 
 (a) Central America    (b) North America 
 (c) West America    (d) South America 
2004 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 Some of the main features of the Government of India Act, 1935 were  the 
1. abolition of diarchy  in the Governor’s provinces 
2. power of the Governors to veto legislative action and to legislate on their own 
3. abolition of the principle of communal representation 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only     (b) 1 and 2 
(c) 2 and 3     (d) 1, 2 and 3 ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 10
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. The First Session of the Indian National Congress was held in Calcutta. 
 2. The Second Session of the Indian National Congress was held under the presidentship of 
Dadabhai Naoroji. 
 3. Both Indian National Congress and Muslim League held their sessions at Lucknow in 1916 and 
concluded the Lucknow Pact. 
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 only 
 (c) 2 and 3     (d) 3 only 
Q. Which one of the following statements is correct? 
 (a) The Constituent Assembly of India was elected by the Provincial Assemblies in the year 1946 
 (b) Jawaharlal Nehru, M.A. Jinnah and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel were members of the Constituent 
Assembly of India 
 (c) The First Session of the Constituent Assembly of India was held in January, 1947 
 (d) The Constitution of India was adopted on 26
th
 January, 1950 
Q. The Montague-Chelmsford Report formed the basis of 
 (a) the Indian Councils Act, 1909  (b) the Government of India Act, 1919 
 (c) the Government of India Act, 1935 (d) the Indian Independence Act, 1947 
Q. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who among the following proposed that Swaraj should 
be defined as complete independence free from all foreign control? 
 (a) Mazharul Haque    (b) Maulana Hasrat Mohani 
 (c) Hakim Ajmal Khan   (d) Abul Kalam Azad 
Q. Consider the following princely States of the British rule in India: 
 1. Jhansi  2. Sambalpur  3. Satara 
 The correct chronological order in which they were annexed by the British is 
 (a) 1, 2, 3     (b) 1, 3, 2 
 (c) 3, 2, 1     (d) 3, 1, 2 
Q. The name of the famous person of India who returned the Knighthood conferred on him by 
the British Government as a token of protest against the atrocities in Punjab in 1919 was 
 (a) Tej Bahadur Sapru    (b) Ashutosh Mukherjee 
 (c) Rabindra Nath Tagore   (d) Syed Ahmad Khan 
Q. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? 
 List I (Period)    List II (Wars) 
1. AD 1767-69   : First Anglo-Maratha War 
2. AD 1790-92   : Third Mysore War 
3. AD 1824-26   : First Anglo-Burmese War 
4. AD 1845-46   : Second Sikh War 
Select the correct answer using the codes given below: 
(a) 2 and 4     (b) 3 and 4  
(c) 1 and 2     (d) 2 and 3 ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 11
Q. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? 
 (a) Pitt’s India Act   : Warren Hastings 
 (b) Doctrine of Lapse   : Dalhousie 
 (c) Vernacular Press Act  : Curzon 
 (d) Ilbert Bill    : Ripon 
Q. Consider the following Viceroys of India during the British rule: 
 1. Lord Curzon    2. Lord Chelmsford 
 3. Lord Hardinge    4. Lord Irwin 
 Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of their tenure? 
 (a)  1 – 3 – 2 – 4     (b) 2 – 4 – 1 – 3 
 (c) 1 – 4 – 2 – 3     (d) 2 – 3 – 1 – 4  
Q. Consider the following events during India’s freedom struggle? 
 1. Chauri – Chaura Outrage   2. Minto – Morley Reforms 
 3. Dandi March    4. Montague – Chelmsford Reforms
 Which one of the following is the correct chronological order of the events above? 
 (a) 1 – 3 – 2 – 4     (b) 2 – 4 – 1 – 3 
 (c) 1 – 4 – 2 – 3     (d) 2 – 3 – 1 – 4 
2003 
Q. The leader of the Bardoli Satyagraha (1928) was 
 (a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel   (b) Mahatma Gandhi 
 (c) Vithalbhai J. Patel    (d) Mahadev Desai 
Q. During the colonial period in India, what was the purpose of the Witley Commission? 
 (a) To review the fitness of India for further political reforms 
 (b) To report on existing conditions of labour and to make recommendations 
 (c) To draw up a plan for financial reforms for India 
 (d) To develop a comprehensive scheme for Civil Services in India 
Q. Assertion (A): In 1916, Maulana Mohammad Ali and Abul Kalam Azad resigned from 
   the Legislative Council. 
Reason (R)  : The Rowlatt Act was passed by the Government in spite of being opposed 
   by all Indian members of the Legislative Council. 
Q. With reference to the entry of European powers into India, which one of the following 
statements is NOT correct? 
 (a) The Portuguese captured Goa in 1499 
 (b) The English opened their first factory in South India at Masulipatam  
 (c) In Eastern India, the English Company opened its first factory in Orissa in 1633 
 (d) Under the leadership of Dupleix, the French occupied Madras in 1746 
Q. With reference to Indian freedom struggle, which one of the following statements is NOT 
correct? 
 (a) The Rowlatt Act aroused a wave of popular indignation and led to the Jallianwala Bagh 
massacre 
 (b) Subhas Chandra Bose formed the Forward Bloc 
 (c) Bhagat Singh was one of the founders of Hindustan Republican Socialist Association 
 (d) In 1931, the Congress Session at Karachi opposed Gandhi-Irwin Pact ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 12
Q. In India, among the following locations, the Dutch established their earliest factory at 
 (a) Surat     (b) Pulicat 
 (c) Cochin     (d) Cassimbazar 
Q. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct? 
 (a) The National Song Vande Mataram was composed by Bankimchandra Chatterji originally in 
Bengali 
 (b) The National Calendar of India based on Saka era has its 1
st
 Chaitra on 22
nd
 March normally 
and 21
st
 March in a leap year 
 (c) The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22
nd
July, 1947 
 (d) The song ‘Jana-gana-mana’, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindra Nath Tagore was 
adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly on 24
th
 January, 1950 as the National 
Anthem of India. 
Q. The aim of education as stated by the Wood’s dispatch of 1854 was 
 (a) the creation of employment opportunities for native Indians 
 (b) the spread of western culture in India 
 (c) the promotion of literacy among the people using English medium of language 
 (d) the introduction of scientific research and rationalism in the traditional Indian education 
Q. Which one of the following statements is NOT correct? 
 (a) Ali Mardan Khan introduced the system of revenue farming in Bengal 
 (b) Maharaja Ranjit Singh set up modern foundries to manufacture cannons at Lahore 
 (c) Sawai Jai Singh of Amber had Euclid’s Elements of Geometry’ translated into Sanskrit 
 (d) Sultan Tipu of Mysore gave money for the construction of the idol of Goddess Sarda in the 
Shringeri temple 
Q. Which one of the following provisions was NOT made in the Charter Act of 1833? 
 (a) The trading activities of the East India Company were to be abolished 
 (b) The designation of the supreme authority was to be changed as the Governor-General of India 
in Council 
 (c) All law-making powers to be conferred on Governor-General in Council 
 (d) An Indian was to be appointed as a Law Member in Governor-General’s Councils. 
Q. With reference to colonial rule in India, what was sought by the Ilbert Bill in 1883? 
 (a) To bring Indians and Europeans on par as far as the criminal jurisdiction of courts was 
concerned 
 (b) To impose severe restrictions on the freedom of the native press as it was perceived to be 
hostile to colonial rulers. 
 (c) The encourage the native Indians to appear for civil service examinations by conducing them in 
India 
 (d) To allow native Indians to possess arms by amending the Arms Act 
Q. An important aspect of the Cripps Mission of 1942 as 
 (a) that all Indian States should join the Indian Union as a condition to consider any degree of 
autonomy for India 
 (b) the creation of an Indian Union with Dominion status very soon after the Second World War ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 13
 (c) the active participation and cooperation of the Indian people, communities and political parties 
in the British war effort as a condition for granting independence with full sovereign status to India
after war 
 (d) the framing of a constitution for the entire Indian Union, with no separate constitution for any 
province, and a Union Constitution to be accepted by all provinces 
Q. When Congress leaders condemned the Montague-Chelmsford Report, many moderates left 
the party to form the 
 (a) Swarajya Party    (b) Indian Freedom Party 
 (c) Independence Federation of India  (d) Indian Liberal Federation 
2002 
Q. During the Indian freedom struggle, the Khudai Khidmatgars, also known as Red Shirts, 
called for 
 (a) the Union of Pashtun tribal areas in north-west with the Afghanistan 
 (b) the adoption of terrorist tactics and methods for terrorizing and finally ousting the colonial 
rulers 
 (c) the adoption of communist revolutionary ideology for political and social reform 
 (d) the Pathan regional nationalist unity and a struggle against colonialism 
Q. Assertion (A): The effect of labour participation in the Indian nationalist upsurge of the 
   early 1930s was weak. 
Reason (R): The labour leaders considered the ideology of India National Congress as 
   bourgeois and reactionary. 
Q. The last opportunity to avoid the partition of India was lost with the rejection of 
 (a) Cripps Mission    (b) Rajagopalachari Formula 
 (c) Cabinet Mission    (d) Wavell Plan 
Q. The members of the Constituent Assembly which drafted the Constitution of India were 
 (a) nominated by the British Parliament 
 (b) nominated by the Governor General 
 (c) elected by the Legislative Assemblies of various provinces 
 (d) elected by the India National Congress and Muslim League 
Q. With which one of the following mountain tribes did the British first come into contact with 
after the grant of Diwani in the year 1765? 
 (a) Garos     (b) Khasis 
 (c) Kukis     (d) Tipperahs 
Q. With reference to the period of extremist nationalist movement in India with its spirit of 
Swadeshi, which one of the following statements is not correct? 
 (a) Liakat Hussain led the Muslim peasants of Barisal in their agitations 
 (b) In 1898, the scheme of national education was formulated by Satish Chandra Mukherjee 
 (c) The Bengal National College was founded in 1906 with Aurobindo as the Principal 
 (d) Tagore preached the cult of Atmasakti, the main plank of which was social and economic 
regeneration of the villages ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 14
Q. With reference to the Indian freedom struggle, which one of the following statements is not 
correct? 
 (a) Hakim Ajmal Khan was one of the leaders to start a nationalist and militant Ahrar movement 
 (b) When the Indian National Congress was formed, Sayyid Ahmad Khan opposed it 
 (c) The All-India Muslim League which was formed in 1906 vehemently opposed the partition of 
Bengal and separate electorates 
 (d) Maulana Barkatullah and Maulana Obeidullah Sindhi were among those who formed a 
Provisional Government of India in Kabul 
Q. Which one of the following submitted in 1875 a petition to the House of Commons 
demanding India’s direct representation in the British Parliament? 
 (a) The Deccan Association   (b) The Indian Association 
 (c) The Madras Mahajan Sabha  (d) The Poona Sarvajanik Sabha 
Q. The real intention of the British to include the princely states in the Federal Union proposed 
by the India Act of 1935 was to: 
 (a) exercise more and direct political and administrative control over the princely states 
 (b) involve the princes actively in the administration of the colony 
 (c) finally effect the complete political and administrative take-over of all the princely states by the 
British 
 (d) use the princes to counter-balance the anti-imperialist doctrines of the nationalist leaders 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given the lists: 
 List I (Acts of Colonial   List II (Provisions) 
 Government of India) 
 A. Charter Act, 1813    1. Set up Board of Control in Britain to fully 
           regulate the East India Company’s affairs  
    in India 
 B. Regulating Act    2. Company’s trade monopoly in India was 
           ended 
 C. Act of 1858     3. The power to govern was transferred from 
           the East India Company to the British 
           Crown. 
 D. Pitt’s India Act    4. The Company’s directors were asked to 
           Present to the British government all 
           correspondence and documents  
           pertaining to the administration of the 
           company 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 2  4  3  1 
 (b) 1  3  4  2 
 (c) 2  3  4  1 
 (d) 1  4  3  2 
Q. Which one of the following Acts of British India strengthened the Viceroy’s authority over 
his executive council by substituting “portfolio” or departmental system for corporate 
functioning? 
 (a) Indian Councils Act, 1861   (b) Government of India Act, 1858 
 (c) Indian Councils Act, 1892   (d) Indian Councils Act, 1909 ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 15
Q. The President of Indian National Congress at the time of partition of India was 
 (a) C. Rajagopalachari   (b) J.B. Kripalani 
 (c) Jawaharlal Nehru    (d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 
Q. With reference to colonial period of Indian history, Match List I with List II and select the 
correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I (Person)    List II (Event) 
 A. Macdonald     1. Doctrine of Lapse 
 B. Linlithgow     2. Communal Award 
 C. Dalhousie     3. August Offer 
 D. Chelmsford     4. Dyarchy 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 3  2  1  4 
 (b) 3  2  4  1 
 (c) 2  3  1  4 
 (d) 2  3  4  1 
2001 
Q. Who among the following Indian rulers established embassies in foreign countries on 
modern lines? 
 (a) Haider Ali     (b) Mir Qasim 
 (c) Shah Alam II    (d) Tipu Sultan 
Q. The Hunter Commission was appointed after the 
 (a) Black-hole incident   (b) Jallianwala bagh massacre 
 (c) Uprising of 1857    (d) Partition of Bengal 
Q. Under the Permanent Settlement, 1793, the Zamindars were required to issue pattas to the 
farmers which were not issued by many of the Zamindars. The reason was 
 (a) The Zamindars were trusted by the farmers 
 (b) There was no official check upon the Zamindars
 (c) It was the responsibility of the British government 
 (d) The farmers were not interested in getting pattas 
Q. Consider the following statements: 
 1. Arya Samaj was founded in 1835. 
 2. Lala Lajpat Rai opposed the appeal of Arya Samaj to the authority of Vedas in support of its 
social reform programmes 
 3. Under Keshab Chandra Sen, the Brahmo Samaj campaigned for women’s education. 
 4. Vinoba Bhave founded the Sarvodaya Samaj to work among refugees. 
 Which of these statements are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 2     (b) 2 and 3 
 (c) 2 and 4     (d) 3 and 4 
Q. Who among the following leaders proposed to adopt Complete Independence as the goal of 
the Congress in the Ahmedabad session of 1920? 
 (a) Abdul Kalam Azad   (b) Hasrat Mohani 
 (c) Jawahar Lal Nehru    (d) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 16
Q. Who among the following organized the famous Chittagong armoury raid? 
 (a) Laxmi Sehgal    (b) Surya Sen 
 (c) Batukeshwar Datta   (d) J.M. Sengupta 
Q. A London branch of the All India Muslim League was established in 1908 under the 
presidency of 
 (a) Aga Khan     (b) Ameer Ali 
 (c) Liaquat Ali Khan    (d) M.A. Jinnah 
Q. Who among the following, was the President of the All-India States People’s Conference in 
1939? 
 (a) Jaya Prakash Narayan   (b) Jawahar Lal Nehru 
 (c) Sheikh Abdullah    (d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 
Q. Who amongst the following Englishmen, first translated Bhagvad-Gita into English? 
 (a) William Jones    (b) Charles Wilkins 
 (c) Alexander Cunningham   (d) John Marshall 
2000 
Q. “In the instance we could not play off the Mohammedans against the Hindus.” To which one 
of the following events did this remark of Aitchison relate? 
 (a) Revolt of 1857    
 (b) Champaran Satyagraha (1917) 
 (c) Khilafat & Non-Cooperation Movement (1919-22) 
 (d) August Movement of 1942 
Q. The Indian National Army (I.N.A.) came into existence in 1943 in 
 (a) Japan     (b) then Burma 
 (c) Singapore     (d) then Malaya 
Q. The last major extension of British Indian territory took place during the time of 
 (a) Dufferin     (b) Dalhousie 
 (c) Lytton     (d) Curzon 
Q. As an alternative to the partition of India, Gandhiji suggested to Mountbatten that he 
 (a) postpone granting of independence 
 (b) invite Jinnah to form the government 
 (c) invite Nehru and Jinnah to form the government together 
 (d) invite the army to take over for some time 
Q. The native state of Tripura became involved in the Freedom movement early in the 20
th
century because 
 (a) the kings of Tripura were always anti-British 
 (b) the Bengal revolutionaries took shelter in Tripura 
 (c) the tribes of the state were fiercely freedom loving 
 (d) there were already some groups fighting against the kingship and its protector, the British ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 17
Q. That the per capital income in India was Rs. 20/- in 1867-68, was ascertained for the first 
time by 
 (a) M.G. Ranade    (b) Sir. W. Hunter 
 (c) R.C. Dutta     (d) Dadabhai Naoroji 
Q. After returning from South Africa, Gandhiji launched his first successful Satyagraha in 
 (a) Chauri-Chaura    (b) Dandi 
 (c) Champaran     (d) Bardoli 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I      List II 
A. Chittagong Armoury Raid  1. Kalpana Dutt 
B. Abhinav Bharat    2. Guru Ram Singh 
C. Anushilan Samiti    3. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar 
D. Kuka Movement    4. Aurobindo Ghosh 
A   B  C  D 
 (a) 1  3  4  2 
 (b) 1  3  2  4 
 (c) 3  1  2  4 
 (a) 3  1  4  2 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
    List I        List II 
A. Land allotted to big feudal landlords   1. Jagirdari System 
B. Land allotted to revenue farmers of rent collectors 2. Ryotwari System 
C. Land allotted to each peasant with the right to  3. Mahalwari 
Sublet, mortgage, gift or sell    
D. Revenue settlements made at village level  4. Zamindari System 
A  B  C  D 
 (a) 1  3  2  4  
 (b) 1  4  2  3 
 (c) 3  4  1  2 
 (d) 2  1  3  4 
Q. Assertion (A): Lord Linlithgow described the August Movement of 1942 as the most 
   serious revolt after the Sepoy mutiny. 
Reason (R): Peasants joined the movement in large number in some places. 
Q. Assertion (A):The basic weakness of the early nationalist movement lay in its narrow 
   social base. 
Reason (R): It fought for the narrow interests of the social groups which joined it. 
Q. While delivering the presidential address, the Congress President who advocated the 
introduction of Roman script for Hindi language was
 (a) Mahatma Gandhi    (b) Jawaharlal Nehru 
 (c) Abul Kalam Azad    (d) Subhash Chandra Bose ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 18
Q. At the time of partition of India, which one of the following provinces of British India came 
forward with a plan for a united and independent existence? 
 (a) Punjab     (b) Assam 
 (c) Bengal     (d) Bihar 
Q. The Balkan Plan for fragmentation of India was the brain-child of 
 (a) W. Churchill    (b) M.A. Jinnah 
 (c) Lord Mountbatten    (d) V.P. Menon 
Q. Consider the following statements about the Indian National Congress 
 1. Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to be the President of the Congress 
 2. C.R. Das was in prison when he functioned as the President of the Congress 
 3. The first Britisher to become the President of the Congress was Alan Octavian Hume 
 4. Alfred Webb was the President of the Congress in 1894 
 Which of these statements are correct? 
 (a) 1 and 3     (b) 2 and 4 
 (c) 2, 3 and 4     (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 
Q. Which one of the following is NOT a feature of the Government of India Act of 1935? 
 (a) Diarchy at the Centre as well as in the provinces 
 (b) A bicameral legislature 
 (c) Provincial autonomy 
 (d) An All-India Federation 
1999 
Q. The first venture of Gandhi in all-India politics was the: 
 (a) Non-Cooperation Movement  (b) Rowlatt Satyagraha 
 (c) Champaran Movement   (d) Dandi March 
Q. The Congress policy of pray and petition ultimately came to an end under the guidance of 
 (a) Aurobindo Ghosh    (b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak 
 (c) Lala Lajpat Rai    (d) Mahatma Gandhi 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I (Persons)    List II (Journals) 
A. Shyamji Krishna Varma   1. Bande Mataram 
B. Madam Bhikaji Cama   2. Indian Sociologist 
C. Annie Besant    3. The Talwar 
D. Aurobindo Ghosh    4. Commonwealth 
A  B  C  D 
 (a) 2  3  4  1 
 (b) 3  2  1  4 
 (c) 2  3  1  4 
 (c) 3  2  4  1 
Q. There was no independent development of industries in India during British rule because of 
the 
 (a) absence of heavy industries  (b) scarcity of foreign capital 
 (c) scarcity of natural resources  (d) preference of the rich to invest in land ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 19
Q. ‘Abhinava Bharat’ a secret society of revolutionaries was organised by 
 (a) Khudiram Bose    (b) V.D. Savarkar 
 (c) Prafulla Chaki    (d) Bhagat Singh 
Q.  The Most short-lived of all of Britain’s constitutional experiments in India was the 
 (a) Indian Councils Act of 1861  (b) Indian Councils Act of 1892 
 (c) Indian Councils Act of 1909  (d) Government of India Act of 1919 
Q. “It made its proposals in may. It still wanted a united India. There was to be a Federal Union 
composed of British provinces.” 
 The above quotation is related to 
 (a) Simon Commission   (b) Gandhi-Irwin Pact 
 (c) Cripps Mission    (d) Cabinet Mission 
Q. The Governor-General who followed a spirited “Forward” policy towards Afghanistan was 
 (a) Minto     (b) Dufferin 
 (c) Elgin     (d) Lytton 
Q. At a time when empires in Europe were crumbling the might of Napoleon which one of the 
following Governors-General kept the British flag flying high in India? 
 (a) Warren Hastings    (b) Lord Cornwallis 
 (c) Lord Wallesley    (d) Lord Hastings 
Q. Which Indian nationalist leader looked upon a war between Germany and Britain as a god 
sent opportunity which would enable Indians to exploit the situation to their advantage? 
 (a) C. Rajagopalachari   (b) M.A. Jinnah 
 (c) Subhash Chandra Bose   (d) Jawaharlal Nehru 
Q. Which one of the following leaders of the Congress was totally in favour of Cabinet Mission 
plan? 
 (a) Mahatma Gandhi    (b) Jawaharlal Nehru 
 (c) Sardar Patel    (d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 
Q. Which one of the following Indian leaders was dismissed by the British from the Indian Civil 
Service? 
 (a) Satyendranath Tagore   (b) Surendranath Banerji 
 (c) R.C. Dutt     (d) S.C. Bose 
Q. Consider the following events: 
 1. Indigo Revolt    2. Santhal Rebellion 
 3. Deccan Riot     4. Mutiny of the Sepoys 
 The correct chronological sequence of these events is 
 (a) 4, 2, 1, 3     (b) 4, 2, 3, 1 
 (c) 2, 4, 3, 1     (d) 2, 4, 1, 3 
Q. Assertion (A): Lord Linlithgow described the August Movement of 1942 as the most 
   serious rebellion since Sepoy Mutiny. 
Reason (R): There was massive upsurge of the peasantry in certain areas. ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 20
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I (Years)     List II (Events) 
A. 1775     1. First Anglo-Burmese War 
B. 1780     2. First Anglo-Afghan War 
C. 1824     3. First Anglo-Maratha War 
D. 1838     4. Second Anglo-Mysore War 
A  B  C  D 
 (a) 4  3  2  1 
 (b) 4  3  1  2 
 (c) 3  4  1  2 
 (d) 3  4  2  1 
Q. The term “imperial preference” was applied to the 
 (a) special privileges on British imports in India
 (b) racial discrimination by the Britishers 
 (c) subordination of Indian interest to that of the British 
 (d) preference given to British political agents over Indian Princes 
1998 
Q. The educated middle class in India 
 (a) opposed the revolt of 1857  (b) supported the revolt of 1857 
 (c) remained neutral to the revolt of 1857 (d) fought against native rulers 
Q. Lord Mountbatten came to India as Viceroy along with specific instruction to 
 (a) balkanize the Indian sub-continent (b) keep India united if possible 
 (c) accept Jinnah’s demand for Pakistan (d) persuade the Congress to accept partition 
Q. Assertion (A): The Khilafat movement did bring the urban Muslims into the fold of the 
   National Movement. 
Reason (R):  There was a predominant elements of anti-imperialism in both the National 
   and Khilafat Movement. 
Q. Assertion (A): Partition of Bengal in 1905 brought to an end the Moderates role in the 
   Indian freedom movement. 
Reason (R):  The Surat session of Indian National Congress separated the Extremists  
   from the Moderates. 
Q. Assertion (A): The first ever Bill to make primary education compulsory in India was 
   rejected in 1911. 
Reason (R): Discontent would have increased if every cultivator could read. 
Q. Assertion (A): The Congress rejected the Cripps proposals. 
Reason (R): The Cripps Mission consisted solely of whites. 
Q. Assertion (A): Gandhi stopped the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922. 
Reason (R):  Violence at Chauri Chaura led him to stop the movement. ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 21
Q. When the Indian Muslim League was inducted into the interim government in 1946, Liyaqat 
Ali Khan was assigned the portfolio of: 
 (a) Foreign affairs    (b) Home 
 (c) Finance     (d) Defence 
Q. The Indian National Congress agreed in 1947 to the partition of the country mainly because 
 (a) the principle of two-Nation theory was then acceptable to them 
 (b) it was imposed by the British Government and the Congress was helpless in this regard 
 (c) they wanted to avoid large-scale communal riots 
 (d) India would have otherwise lost opportunity to attain freedom 
Q. At the time of India’s Independence, Mahatma Gandhi was: 
 (a) a member of Congress Working Committee 
 (b) not a member of the Congress 
 (c) the President of the Congress 
 (d) the General Secretary of the Congress 
Q. What is the correct sequence of the following events? 
 1. Tilak’s Home Rule League. 
 2. Komagatamaru Incident 
 3. Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival in India. 
 Select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 (a) 1, 2, 3     (b) 3, 2, 1 
 (c) 2, 1, 3     (d) 2, 3, 1 
Q. Simon Commission of 1927 was boycotted because 
 (a) there was no Indian Member in the Commission 
 (b) it supported the Muslim League 
 (c) Congress felt that the people of India are entitled  to Swaraj 
 (d) there were differences among the members 
Q. The Indian Muslims, in general, were not attracted to the Extremist movement because of 
the 
 (a) influence of the Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan 
 (b) anti-Muslim attitude of Extremist leaders 
 (c) indifference shown to Muslim aspirations 
 (d) Extremist policy of harping on Hindu past 
Q. Which one of the following events, was characterised by Montague as ‘Preventive Murder’? 
 (a) Killing of INA activists   (b) Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh 
 (c) Shooting of the Mahatma   (d) Shooting of Curzon-Wythe 
Q. What is the correct sequence of the following events? 
 1. The August offer.    2. The I.N.A. trial. 
 3. The Quit India Movement   4. The Royal Indian Naval Ratings Revolt. 
 Select the correct answer using the codes given below: 
 (a) 1, 3, 2, 4     (b) 3, 1, 2, 4 
 (c) 1, 3, 4, 2     (d) 3, 1, 4, 2 ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 22
Q. Which one of the following defines extremist ideology during the early phase of Indian 
freedom movement? 
 (a) Stimulating the production of indigenous articles by giving them preference over imported 
commodities 
 (b) Obtaining self-government by aggressive means in place of petitions and constitutional ways 
 (c) Providing national education according to the requirements of the country 
 (d) Organising coups against the British empire through military revolt 
Q. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched? 
 1. Theodore Beck   : Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, 
       Aligarh 
 2. Ilbert Bill    : Ripon 
 3. Pherozeshah Mehta   :  Indian National Congress
 4. Badruddin Tyabji   : Muslim League 
 Select the correct answer using the codes given below: 
 (a) 1, 2, 3 and 4    (b) 2 and 4 
 (c) 1, 3 and 4     (d) 1, 2 and 3 
Q. “The Congress is tottering to its fall and one of may great ambitions while in India, is to 
assist it to a peaceful demise.” This statement is attributed to 
 (a) Lord Dufferin    (b) Lord Curzon 
 (c) Lord Lytton    (d) None of the above 
Q. Who was the leader of the Ghadar Party? 
 (a) Bhagat Singh    (b) Lala Hardayal 
 (c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak   (d) V.D. Savarkar 
1997 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I      List II 
 A. Butler Committed Report   1. Jallianwala Bagh massacre 
 B. Hartog Committed Report   2. Relationship between the Indian States 
       And Paramount Power 
 C. Hunter Inquiry Committee Report  3. Working of Dyarchy as laid down in the 
       Montague-Chelmsford Reforms 
E. Muddiman Committee Report  4. The growth of education in British India 
      & potentialities of its further progress 
 A  B  C  D 
(a) 3  2  1  4 
(b) 1  4  2  3 
 (c) 2  1  3  4 
 (d) 2  4  1  3 ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 23
Q. “A graduate at 18, professor and associate editor of the Sudharak at 20, Secretary of the 
Sarvajanik  Sabha and of the Provincial Conference at 25, Secretary of the National Congress at 
29, leading witness before an important Royal Commission at 31, Provincial legislator at 34, 
Imperial legislator at 36, President of the Indian National Congress at 39 ……a patriot whom 
Mahatma Gandhi himself regarded as his master.” This is how a biographer describes
 (a) Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya  (b) Mahadev Govind Ranade 
 (c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale   (d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak 
Q. Who among the following was associated with suppression of Thugs? 
 (a) General Henry Prendergast  (b) Captain Sleeman
 (c) Alexander Burnes    (d) Captain Robert Pemberton 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I (Events)    List II (Results) 
 A. Morley Minto Reforms   1. Country-wise agitation 
 B. Simon Commission   2. Withdrawal of a movement 
 C. The Chauri-Chaura incident  3. Communal Electorates 
 D. The Dandi March    4. Communal outbreaks 
       5. Illegal manufacture of salt 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 3  4  5  2 
 (b) 4  1  2  3 
 (c) 2  3  4  5 
 (d) 3  1  2  5 
Q. The Poona Pact which was signed between the British Government and Mahatma Gandhi in 
1934 provided for 
 (a) the creation of dominion status for India 
 (b) separate electorates for the Muslims 
 (c) separate electorates for the Harijans 
 (d) joint electorate with reservation of Harijans 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I      List II 
 A. Surat Split     1. 1929 
 B. Communal Award    2. 1928 
 C. All Party Convention   3. 1932 
 D. Poorna Swaraj Resolution   4. 1907 
       5. 1905 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 4  3  1  5 
 (b) 4  3  2  1 
 (c) 2  5  4  1 
 (d) 1  4  2  3 
Q. M.C. Setalwad, B.N. Rao and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer were distinguished members of the 
 (a) Swaraj Party    (b) All India National Liberal Federation 
 (c) Madras Labour Union   (d) Servants of India Society ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 24
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I      List II 
 A. Chittagong Armoury raid   1. Lala Hardayal 
 B. Kakori Conspiracy    2. Jatin Das 
 C. Lahore Conspiracy    3. Surya Sen 
 D. Ghadar Party    4. Ram  Prasad Bismil 
       5. Vasudeo Phadke 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 3  4  1  5 
 (b) 4  3  2  5 
 (c) 3  4  2  1 
 (d) 2  4  3  1 
Q. What is the correct chronological sequence of the following? 
 1. Wood’s Education Despatch  2. Macaulay’s minute on education 
 3. The Sargent Education Report  4. Indian Education (Hunter Commission) 
 (a) 2, 1, 4, 3     (b) 2, 1, 3, 4 
 (c) 1, 2, 4, 3     (d) 4, 3, 1, 2 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
List I      List II 
 A. Moplah revolt    1. Kerala 
 B. Pabna revolt    2. Bihar 
 C. Eka movement    3. Bengal 
 D. Birsa Munda revolt   4. Awadh 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 1  3  4  2 
 (b) 2  3  4  1 
 (c) 1  2  3  4 
 (d) 3  4  1  2 
1996 
Q. The Sarabandi (no tax) campaign of 1922 was led by 
 (a) Bhagat Singh    (b) Chittaranjan Das 
 (c) Rajaguru     (d) Vallabhbhai Patel 
Q. His ‘principal forte was social and religious reform. He relied upon legislation to do away with 
social ills and worked unceasingly for the eradication of child marriage, the purdah system ……… 
To encourage consideration of social problems on a  national scale, he inaugurated the Indian 
National Social Conference, which for many years met for its annual sessions alongside the Indian 
National Congress. 
 The reference in this passage is to 
 (a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar  (b) Behramji Merwanji Malabari 
 (c) Mahadev Govind Ranade   (d) B.R. Ambedkar ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 25
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I 
 A. Governor General of Presidency of Fort William in Bengal (Under Regulating Act, 1773) 
 B. Governor General of India (Under Charter Act, 1833) 
 C. Governor General and Viceroy of India (Under Indian Councils Act, 1858) 
 D. Governor General and Crown Representative (Under Government of India Act, 1935) 
 List II 
 1. Archilabald Percival Wavell, Viscount and Earl Wavell 
 2. James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, Earl and Marquess of Dalhousie 
 3. Charles Cornwallis 2
nd
 Earl and First Marquess of Cornwallis 
 4. Gibert John Elliot-Murray=Kynynmond, Earl of Minto 
 5. Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 3  2  4  1 
 (b) 3  4  1  5 
 (c) 2  3  4  5 
 (d) 4  2  3  1 
Q. Which one of the following first mooted the idea of a constituent assembly to frame a 
constitution for India? 
 (a) Swaraj Party in 1934   (b) Congress Party in 1936 
 (c) Muslim League in 1942   (d) All Parties Conference in 1946 
Q. Assertion (A): The British sovereignty continued to exist in free India 
Reason (R): The British sovereign appointed the last Governor General of Free India. 
Q. Who among the following leaders did not believe in the drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji? 
 (a) B.G. Tilak     (b) R.C. Dutt 
 (c) M.G. Ranade    (d) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan 
Q. B.R. Ambedkar was elected to the Constituent Assembly from 
 (a) West Bengal    (b) the Bombay Presidency 
 (c) the then Madhya Bharat   (d) Punjab 
Q. The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crime Act (1919) was popularly known as the 
 (a) Rowlatt Act    (b) Pitt’s India Act 
 (c) Indian Arms Act    (d) Ilbert Bill 
Q. Who among the following was the first European to initiate the policy of taking part in the 
quarrels of Indian princes with a view to acquire territories? 
 (a) Clive     (b) Dupleix 
 (c) Albuquerque    (d) Warren Hastings 
Q. Who among he following was a prominent leader of the Congress Socialist Party? 
 (a) M.N. Roy     (b) Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi 
 (c) Pattam Thanu Pillai   (d) Acharya Narendra Dev©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 26
Q. The meeting of Indian and British political leaders during 1930-32 in London has often been 
referred to as the First, Second and Third Round Table Conferences. It would be incorrect to 
refer to them as such because 
 (a) the Indian National Congress did not take part in two of them 
 (b) Indian parties other than the Indian National  Congress participating in the Conference 
represented sectional interests and not the whole of India 
 (c) the British Labour Party had withdrawn from the Conference thereby making the proceeding of 
the Conference partisan 
 (d) it was instance of a Conference held in three session and not that of three separate conferences 
Q. Consider the following landmarks in Indian education: 
 1. Hindu College, Calcutta   2. University of Calcutta 
 3. Adam’s Report    4. Wood’s despatch 
 The correct chronological order of these landmarks is: 
 (a) 1, 3, 4, 2     (b) 1, 4, 3, 2 
 (c) 3, 1, 4, 2     (d) 3, 2, 4, 1 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:  
 List I      List II 
 A. Surendranath Bannerjee   1. Hind Swaraj 
 B. M.K. Gandhi    2. The Indian Struggle  
 C. Subhash Chandra Bose   3. Autobiographical Writings 
 D. Lajpat Rai     4. A Nation in Making 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 4  1  3  2 
 (b) 1  4  3  2 
 (c) 4  1  2  3 
 (d) 1  4  2  3 
Q. Consider the following statements about Jawaharlal Nehru: 
 1. He was the president of the Congress Party in 1947. 
 2. He presided over the Constituent Assembly. 
 3. He formed the first Congress Ministry in United Province before India’s Independence 
 of these statements: 
 (a) 1, 2 and 3 are correct   (b) 1 and 3 are correct 
 (c) 1 and 2 are correct    (d) none is correct 
Q. Which one of the following is not correct about the Cabinet Mission Plan? 
 (a) Provincial grouping   (b) Interim Cabinet of Indians 
 (c) Acceptance of Pakistan   (d) Constitution framing right 
Q. Who among the following suggested the winding up of the Indian National Congress after 
India attained independence? 
 (a) C. Rajagopalachari   (b) Acharya Kripalani 
 (c) Mahatma Gandhi    (d) Jayaprakash Narayan ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 27
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I      List II 
 A. Abhinav Bharat Society   1. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
 B. Anushilan Samiti    2. Lala Hardayal 
 C. Ghadar Party    3. C.R. Das 
 D. Swaraj Party    4. V.D. Savarkar 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 4  1  3  2 
 (b) 1  4  3  2 
 (c) 1  4  2  3 
 (d) 4  1  2  3 
Q. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: 
 List I (Period)    List II (Event) 
 A. 1883   1. Announcement of Communal Award from Whitehall 
 B. 1906   2. Formation of the All India State People’s Conference 
 C. 1927   3. Foundation of Muslim League at Dacca 
 D. 1932   4. First session of National Conference at Calcutta 
  A  B  C  D 
 (a) 4  3  1  2 
 (b) 3  4  1  2 
 (c) 4  3  2  1 
 (d) 3  4  2  1 
1995 
Q. The radical wing of the Congress Party with Jawaharlal Nehru as one of its main leaders, 
founded the ‘independence for India League’ in opposition to 
 (a) the Gandhi-Irwin Pact   (b) the Home Rule Movement 
 (c) the Nehru report    (d) the Mont-ford reforms 
Q. Which one of the following was an emigree Communist journal of M.N. Roy? 
 (a) Kisan Sabha    (b) The worker 
 (c) Vanguard     (d) Anushilan 
Q. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? 
 (a) Battle of Buxar   : Mir Jafar vs. Clive 
 (b) Battle of Wandiwash  : French vs. East India Company 
 (c) Battle of Chilianwala   : Dalhousie vs. Marathas 
 (d) Battle of Kharda   : Nizam vs. East India Company 
Q. What is the correct sequence of the following events? 
 1. The Lucknow Pact    2. The Introduction of Dyarchy 
 3. The Rowlatt Act    4. The partition of Bengal 
 (a) 1, 3, 2, 4     (b) 4, 1, 3, 2 
 (c) 1, 2, 3, 4     (d) 4, 3, 2, 1 
Q. The word Adivasi was used for the first time to refer to the tribal people by: 
 (a) Mahatma Gandhi    (b) Thakkar Bappa 
 (c) Jyotiba Phule    (d) B.R. Ambedkar ©VISION IAS                                                        www.visioniasonline.com 28
Q. The Barrah dacoity was the first major venture of the revolutionary terrorists of the freedom 
movement in 
 (a) Bombay-Karnataka   (b) Punjab 
 (c) East Bengal    (d) The Madras Presidency 
Q. Which of the following political parties is/are national political parties? 
 1. Muslim League    2. Revolutionary Socialist Party 
 3. All India Forward Block   4. Peasants and Workers Party of India 
 Codes: 
 (a) 1, 2 and 3     (b) 2 and 4 
 (c) 3 only     (d) None 
Q. In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi started Civil Disobedience Movement from 
 (a) Sevagram     (b) Dandi 
 (c) Sabarmati     (d) Wardha 
Q. Which one of the following pairs are not correctly matched? 
 (a) Jamnalal Bajaj   : Satyagraha Ashram at Wardha
 (b) Dadabhai Naoroji   : Bombay Association 
 (c) Lala Lajpat Rai   : National School at Lahore 
 (d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak  : Satya Shodhak Sabha 
Q. Hughly was used as a base for piracy in the Bay of Bengal by 
 (a) the Portuguese    (b) the French 
 (c) the Danish     (d) the British

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